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太阳能杀虫灯针对光肩星天牛的应用
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J9九游会AG太(tai)阳能(neng)杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)虫(chong)(chong)(chong)灯(deng)杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)虫(chong)(chong)(chong)种(zhong)类广,可诱(you)杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)多种(zhong)果(guo)园害虫(chong)(chong)(chong),如斜(xie)纹夜(ye)蛾(e)、甜菜夜(ye)蛾(e)、尺蠖、蓟马、 果(guo)实蝇、食心虫(chong)(chong)(chong)、吸果(guo)夜(ye)蛾(e)、突(tu)青(qing)(qing)斑红(hong)蝽、桃蛀螟、尺蛾(e)、棉铃虫(chong)(chong)(chong)、松(song)毛(mao)虫(chong)(chong)(chong)、美(mei)国白(bai)蛾(e)、杨树白(bai)蛾(e)、柳(liu)毒蛾(e)、松(song)天(tian)牛、光(guang)肩星天(tian)牛、春尺蠖、大青(qing)(qing)叶蝉、卷(juan)叶蛾(e)、桦尺蠖、灯(deng)蛾(e)、松(song)毛(mao)虫(chong)(chong)(chong)、柄天(tian)牛等。该太(tai)阳能(neng)杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)虫(chong)(chong)(chong)灯(deng)的杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)虫(chong)(chong)(chong)机理是运用光(guang)、波(bo)、色(se)、味四种(zhong)诱(you)杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)方式杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)灭(mie)(mie)害虫(chong)(chong)(chong)。太(tai)阳能(neng)杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)虫(chong)(chong)(chong)灯(deng)近(jin)距(ju)离(li)用光(guang),远距(ju)离(li)用波(bo),加以黄(huang)色(se)外(wai)壳(qiao)和(he)味,引(yin)诱(you)害虫(chong)(chong)(chong)飞蛾(e)扑灯(deng),外(wai)配以频振高压电网触杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)。从而达到杀(sha)(sha)(sha)(sha)灭(mie)(mie)成虫(chong)(chong)(chong)、降低(di)田间(jian)产卵量、减少害虫(chong)(chong)(chong)基(ji)数、控(kong)制(zhi)害虫(chong)(chong)(chong)危害蔬(shu)菜的目的。一(yi)般在(zai)4月中旬装灯(deng),10月撤灯(deng),每日21点(dian)开灯(deng),次日凌晨4点(dian)闭灯(deng)。有光(guang)控(kong)系统的灯(deng)能(neng)根(gen)据自(zi)然(ran)光(guang)的亮度自(zi)动开关。

光肩星天(tian)牛黑(hei)(hei)色带有(you)光泽,20~35mm长,7~12mm宽;触角11节,基部(bu)蓝黑(hei)(hei)色;每个覆翅有(you)约20个白斑。寄主(zhu):悬铃木、柳、杨(yang) 危(wei)害(hai)特(te)点:幼虫蛀食树干,危(wei)害(hai)轻的降低木材质(zhi)量,严重(zhong)的能引起树木枯梢和(he)风(feng)折(zhe);成(cheng)虫咬食树叶或(huo)(huo)小树枝皮和(he)木质(zhi)部(bu)。在盛发期(qi)捕捉成(cheng)虫或(huo)(huo)药(yao)物防止,做到预防为主(zhu),防治结合(he)。

寄主

危害(hai)(hai)杨、柳、元宝(bao)柳、榆(yu)、糖槭树。此虫(chong)尤其在“三北”防(fang)护林建(jian)设区及华北平原绿(lv)化区,广泛(fan)发生,严重危害(hai)(hai)杨树。受害(hai)(hai)的木质部被蛀空,树干风(feng)折或整株枯(ku)死

地理分布

分布于辽宁、河北、北京、天(tian)津,内(nei)蒙古,宁夏、陕(shan)西、甘肃、河南、山西、山东、江(jiang)苏(su)、安(an)徽、江(jiang)西、湖北、湖南、四川、上(shang)海及(ji)浙江(jiang)、福建、广(guang)(guang)东、广(guang)(guang)西、云南、贵(gui)州;朝鲜、日本

药(yao)物(wu)防(fang)治(zhi)方法(fa)

1、防(fang)止成虫:利用假(jia)死习性人(ren)工捕杀。用0.04%一(yi)零五九喷干;

2、防(fang)治卵(luan)及初孵幼虫(chong):用锤(chui)击杀;向(xiang)有虫(chong)处(蛀孔(kong))涂抹敌(di)敌(di)畏(50倍(bei)液)或(huo)煤油;用50%杀螟松乳油100~200倍(bei)液、40%乐果乳油200~400倍(bei)液或(huo)50%辛硫磷乳油100~200倍(bei)液喷干,喷液量以(yi)树干流(liu)药液为止(zhi)。

3、防(fang)治大幼(you)虫:幼(you)虫长大蛀(zhu)入木质部(bu)深(shen)处时,用(yong)注(zhu)射器向蛀(zhu)道内注(zhu)射氨水;向蛀(zhu)孔内投(tou)放56%磷(lin)化铝片(1/6或1/3片);用(yong)磷(lin)化锌与(yu)草酸为主要成(cheng)分制成(cheng)的(de)毒签(qian)插入蛀(zhu)道内熏杀;施用(yong)这些(xie)方(fang)法的(de)蛀(zhu)孔用(yong)粘泥封塞为好。

4、在成(cheng)虫盛发期捕捉成(cheng)虫

物理防治:

利(li)用光肩(jian)星天牛成虫(chong)(chong)(chong)的趋(qu)光性、以太(tai)阳(yang)能杀虫(chong)(chong)(chong)灯进行成虫(chong)(chong)(chong)诱(you)(you)杀,以减少成虫(chong)(chong)(chong)交(jiao)尾和产(chan)卵(luan)。在成虫(chong)(chong)(chong)期,于距(ju)地面2-3米高(gao)处悬(xuan)挂太(tai)阳(yang)能杀虫(chong)(chong)(chong)灯,每天从19∶00到次日6∶00开(kai)灯诱(you)(you)杀松(song)天牛成虫(chong)(chong)(chong)。

通过太(tai)阳能杀(sha)(sha)虫灯(deng)针对(dui)光(guang)肩星天牛(niu)的(de)实验分析J9九游会AG 可(ke)以明显的(de)看到,J9九游会AG太(tai)阳能杀(sha)(sha)虫灯(deng)能够有效的(de)诱杀(sha)(sha)光(guang)肩星天牛(niu),大大减少害(hai)虫对(dui)作物的(de)危害(hai),从(cong)而提(ti)高收成。

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