J9九游会AG

logo

设为J9九游会AG首页 人才招聘

服务热线:400-605-0607
         13837168852

太阳能杀虫灯针对松毛虫的应用
网站J9九游会AG首页 >> J9九游会AG

  J9九游会AG太(tai)阳(yang)能(neng)杀虫(chong)(chong)灯(deng)(deng)(deng)杀虫(chong)(chong)种(zhong)类广,可诱杀多种(zhong)果(guo)园害虫(chong)(chong),如(ru)斜纹夜蛾(e)(e)、甜菜夜蛾(e)(e)、尺蠖、蓟马、 果(guo)实蝇、食心虫(chong)(chong)、吸果(guo)夜蛾(e)(e)、突青斑红蝽、桃(tao)蛀(zhu)螟、尺蛾(e)(e)、棉铃(ling)虫(chong)(chong)、松(song)毛虫(chong)(chong)、美国(guo)白(bai)蛾(e)(e)、杨树白(bai) 蛾(e)(e)、柳毒蛾(e)(e)、松(song)天牛(niu)、光(guang)肩星(xing)天牛(niu)、春尺蠖、大青叶蝉、卷叶蛾(e)(e)、桦尺蠖、灯(deng)(deng)(deng)蛾(e)(e)、松(song)毛虫(chong)(chong)、柄天牛(niu)等。该太(tai)阳(yang)能(neng)杀虫(chong)(chong)灯(deng)(deng)(deng)的(de)(de)杀虫(chong)(chong)机理是运(yun)用光(guang)、波(bo)、色、味(wei)四种(zhong)诱杀方式(shi)杀灭害虫(chong)(chong)。太(tai)阳(yang)能(neng)杀虫(chong)(chong)灯(deng)(deng)(deng)近距离用光(guang),远距离用波(bo),加以(yi)黄色外壳和味(wei),引诱害虫(chong)(chong)飞蛾(e)(e)扑灯(deng)(deng)(deng),外配以(yi)频振(zhen)高压电网触杀。从而达到杀灭成虫(chong)(chong)、降低田(tian)间产卵量、减(jian)少害虫(chong)(chong)基数、控制害虫(chong)(chong)危害蔬(shu)菜的(de)(de)目(mu)的(de)(de)。一般在4月中(zhong)旬(xun)装灯(deng)(deng)(deng),10月撤(che)灯(deng)(deng)(deng),每日(ri)21点(dian)开灯(deng)(deng)(deng),次日(ri)凌晨(chen)4点(dian)闭(bi)灯(deng)(deng)(deng)。有光(guang)控系统的(de)(de)灯(deng)(deng)(deng)能(neng)根据自(zi)然(ran)光(guang)的(de)(de)亮度自(zi)动开关。

  松毛(mao)(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong) Dendrolimus 是(shi)鳞翅目枯叶(ye)(ye)蛾(e)科(ke)松毛(mao)(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong)属(shu)昆(kun)虫(chong)的(de)统(tong)称。又(you)名毛(mao)(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong)、火毛(mao)(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong),古称松蚕(can),共有(you) 30 余种, 我国(guo)分(fen)布有(you) 27 种,是(shi)松毛(mao)(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong) 种类最(zui)丰(feng)富的(de)国(guo)家 [1] 。食(shi)害(hai)(hai)松类、柏类、杉类等重要树(shu)种。中国(guo)最(zui)早的(de)记载(zai)见于1530年(nian)广东《龙川县志(zhi)》:“明嘉靖九年(nian),大(da)旱时(shi)连年(nian)发(fa)生,毛(mao)(mao)(mao)(mao)黑,食(shi)松叶(ye)(ye)尽而(er)立枯,作茧松枝上,冬末(mo)乃(nai)化(hua)尽。”至今(jin),松毛(mao)(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong)仍是(shi)森(sen)林害(hai)(hai)虫(chong)中发(fa)生量(liang)大(da)、危害(hai)(hai)面广的(de)主要森(sen)林害(hai)(hai)虫(chong)。

  在中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国,林业上最严重的(de)害虫(chong)当属(shu)鳞翅目枯叶(ye)蛾科松(song)(song)毛(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong)属(shu) Dendrolimus 昆虫(chong),其中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)以马尾松(song)(song)毛(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong)指名(ming)亚种 Dendrolimu punctatus punctatus Walker、赤(chi)松(song)(song)毛(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong) D .punctatus spectabilis Butler、落叶(ye)松(song)(song)毛(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong) D .superans Butler、云南松(song)(song)毛(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong) D .houi Lajonquiere、思茅(mao)松(song)(song)毛(mao)(mao)(mao)虫(chong) D . kikuchii Matsumura 为典型(xing)代表,给林业生产造成(cheng)(cheng)重大的(de)经济损失 。 [2] 幼(you)虫(chong)具(ju)长毛(mao)(mao)(mao),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)、后胸有(you)(you)毒毛(mao)(mao)(mao)。末龄幼(you)虫(chong)体(ti)长47~100毫米。体(ti)色(se)(se)有(you)(you)棕(zong)红、灰黑、黑褐、烟黑、灰褐等色(se)(se),花斑明显成(cheng)(cheng)不明显,两侧有(you)(you)长毛(mao)(mao)(mao),全体(ti)满布白、黑、棕(zong)色(se)(se)长毛(mao)(mao)(mao)或短毛(mao)(mao)(mao)。成(cheng)(cheng)虫(chong)呈枯叶(ye)色(se)(se),前翅中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)外横(heng)线双垂,波状(zhuang)或齿状(zhuang),亚外缘(yuan)斑列深(shen)色(se)(se),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)室端具(ju)小(xiao)白点(dian)。雄蛾触角近乎羽状(zhuang),雌蛾呈短栉状(zhuang)。阳(yang)具(ju)尖刀(dao)状(zhuang),表面多(duo)有(you)(you)小(xiao)刺(ci),抱器(qi)发(fa)达。

  松毛虫(chong)生物防治措施(shi)

  1、白(bai)僵菌(jun)防(fang)治(zhi)在各类(lei)型区(qu)中,均可(ke)使(shi)用(yong)白(bai)僵菌(jun)。南方(fang)(fang)应(ying)(ying)用(yong)白(bai)僵菌(jun)防(fang)治(zhi)马尾松(song)(song)毛虫(chong)可(ke)在越冬代的11月中、下旬(xun)或(huo)次年2-4月份放(fang)菌(jun),其(qi)他世代(或(huo)时间)一般不适宜(yi)使(shi)用(yong)白(bai)僵菌(jun)防(fang)治(zhi)。施菌(jun)量(liang)(liang)每亩1.5-5.0万亿孢子。北方(fang)(fang)应(ying)(ying)用(yong)白(bai)僵菌(jun)防(fang)治(zhi)油松(song)(song)毛虫(chong)或(huo)赤(chi)松(song)(song)毛虫(chong),需温度24˚C以上的连雨天或(huo)露水较大的条件,施菌(jun)量(liang)(liang)应(ying)(ying)适当增加(jia)3—4倍。施用(yong)方(fang)(fang)法:采用(yong)飞机(ji)或(huo)地面喷粉(fen)、低量(liang)(liang)喷雾、超(chao)低量(liang)(liang)喷雾;地面人(ren)工放(fang)粉(fen)炮。预(yu)防(fang)性措(cuo)施亦可(ke)采用(yong)人(ren)工敲粉(fen)袋、放(fang)带菌(jun)活(huo)虫(chong)等方(fang)(fang)法。

  2、苏云金(jin)杆菌(jun)(jun)(Bt)防治(zhi)应用(yong)苏云金(jin)杆菌(jun)(jun)防治(zhi)松毛(mao)虫,一(yi)般防治(zhi)3~4龄幼虫。施药(yao)林分适宜温(wen)度为20~32˚C。施菌(jun)(jun)量(liang)(liang)(liang)每亩40~80万国(guo)际单位(IU)。多雨季节慎用(yong)。施用(yong)方(fang)法:喷(pen)(pen)粉、地面常规或低量(liang)(liang)(liang)喷(pen)(pen)雾、飞机低量(liang)(liang)(liang)喷(pen)(pen)雾。喷(pen)(pen)雾可同时加(jia)入一(yi)定剂量(liang)(liang)(liang)的洗衣粉或其它增效剂。

  3、质型多角体(ti)病毒(du)(du)(du)(du)(CPV)防治用(yong)(yong)围栏或(huo)套(tao)笼集(ji)虫(chong)、集(ji)卵增(zeng)(zeng)殖病毒(du)(du)(du)(du)、人工(gong)饲养增(zeng)(zeng)殖病毒(du)(du)(du)(du)、离体(ti)细胞增(zeng)(zeng)殖病毒(du)(du)(du)(du)或(huo)林间高虫(chong)口区接毒(du)(du)(du)(du)增(zeng)(zeng)殖等方法,收(shou)集(ji)病死虫(chong),提取多角体(ti)病毒(du)(du)(du)(du),制成油乳剂、病毒(du)(du)(du)(du)液或(huo)粉剂。使用(yong)(yong)时可在病毒(du)(du)(du)(du)液中加入(ru)0.06%的硫酸铜或(huo)0.1亿孢子(zi)/ml的白僵菌(jun)作(zuo)为诱发剂,提高杀虫(chong)率。每(mei)亩用(yong)(yong)药量(liang)(liang)50-200亿病毒(du)(du)(du)(du)晶体(ti)。施(shi)用(yong)(yong)方法:采用(yong)(yong)飞机或(huo)地面(mian)低量(liang)(liang)喷(pen)雾(wu)(wu)、超低量(liang)(liang)喷(pen)雾(wu)(wu)或(huo)喷(pen)粉作(zuo)业。

  4、招引益鸟(niao)在虫口密(mi)度较低林(lin)(lin)龄较大的(de)(de)林(lin)(lin)分(fen),可(ke)设置人工(gong)巢箱招引益鸟(niao)。布巢时间、数(shu)量、巢箱类型根(gen)据招引的(de)(de)鸟(niao)类而定(ding)。

  5、释(shi)放赤(chi)眼(yan)蜂(feng)繁育(yu)优良蜂(feng)种,在松(song)毛虫产卵始(shi)盛期,选择(ze)晴天无风的天气分阶(jie)段林(lin)间施放,每亩3—10万(wan)头。亦可使赤(chi)眼(yan)蜂(feng)同(tong)时携带病毒,提高防治(zhi)效(xiao)果。

  松毛(mao)虫物理防治

  1、可采用人工摘(zhai)除(chu)卵

  2、使(shi)用太阳能杀虫灯诱集(ji)成(cheng)虫的方法降(jiang)低下一(yi)代松(song)毛(mao)虫虫口密(mi)度。

  通过(guo)太阳能(neng)(neng)杀(sha)虫灯针对松(song)毛(mao)虫的(de)实(shi)验分析J9九游会AG 可以明显的(de)看到,J9九游会AG太阳能(neng)(neng)杀(sha)虫灯能(neng)(neng)够有效(xiao)的(de)诱(you)杀(sha)松(song)毛(mao)虫,大大减(jian)少害虫对作物的(de)危害,从(cong)而提高(gao)收成。

  文章由太阳(yang)能杀(sha)虫(chong)(chong)灯(deng)(deng),太阳(yang)能杀(sha)虫(chong)(chong)灯(deng)(deng)厂(chang)家(jia)(jia),虫(chong)(chong)情测报灯(deng)(deng)厂(chang)家(jia)(jia),风吸式太阳(yang)能杀(sha)虫(chong)(chong)灯(deng)(deng)厂(chang)家(jia)(jia),松材线虫(chong)(chong)快速分(fen)离器厂(chang)家(jia)(jia),频振式太阳(yang)能杀(sha)虫(chong)(chong)灯(deng)(deng)厂(chang)家(jia)(jia),频振式杀(sha)虫(chong)(chong)灯(deng)(deng),测报工具箱,松材线虫(chong)(chong)自动化分(fen)子检测系(xi)统,生产厂(chang)家(jia)(jia)电话4006050607河南J9九游会AG仪(yi)器设备制造有限公(gong)司(si)收集整理,更多详情请(qing)登录J9九游会AG公(gong)司(si)官网查询。