JAPAN - PAKISTAN RELATIONS - LECTURE BY MR. HIROSHI INOMATA

Ambassador of Japan Mr. Hiroshi Inomata delivered a lecture on “Japan-Pakistan Relations and Japan’s Security Policy”  at National Management College in Lahore in June. The lecture throws light on present status of mutual relations in detail. Here this part only is being published to remain focused. The other part that is about Security Policy will be posted later. 

BILATERAL FRIENDSHIP HISTORY

April 1952 - -Japan and Pakistan established the diplomatic relations.

  • 1954 ---Japan started its first official development assistance for Pakistan: accepted Pakistani trainees under the Colombo Plan.

January 1962-- Emperor Akihito and Empress visited Pakistan as crown prince and crown princess.

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April 2005                   PM Koizumi visited Pakistan and both countries issued the Joint Declaration, “Japan-Pakistan  at a new frontier: Towards a renewed, enhanced and robust relationship.”

February 2011           President Zardari visited Japan and both countries issued the Joint Statement on Japan-Pakistan Comprehensive Partnership.

POLITICAL INTERACTIONS

1 Summit Meeting

 PM Shinzo Abe and PM Nawaz Sharif (September 2013, NY)

2 VIP Exchanges

Special Assistant to Prime Minister Tariq Fatemi (March 2015, Sendai and Tokyo)

Parliamentary Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs Kazuyuki Nakane (March 2015, Islamabad)

Members of Pakistan-Japan Parliamentary Friendship Group (February 2015, Tokyo and Kyoto)

Members of Standing Committee on Defense of the National Assembly (February 2015, Tokyo)

Finance Minister Ishaq Dar (January 2015, Tokyo)

Minister for Planning, Development and Reforms Ahsan Iqbal (December 2013, Tokyo)

3 Parliamentary Friendship Group

Japan: Japan-Pakistan Parliamentarian’s Friendship Group: 25 members  (President Mr. Seishiro Eto)

Pakistan: Pakistan-Japan Parliamentary Friendship Group in the NA: 48 members   (President H.E. Sardar Ayaz Sadiq)

Pakistan: Pakistan-Japan Friendship Group in the Senate  (President H.E. Mian Raza Rabbani)

CULTURAL RELATIONS

1 PJCA

Pakistan Japan Cultural Association (PJCA) is an organization to promote bilateral relations between Pakistan and Japan.

PJCA has conducted many kinds of Japanese cultural activities (Ikebana demonstration, Jujitsu demonstration etc.) in cooperation with the Embassy of Japan in Islamabad and Consulate General of Japan in Karachi. PJCA has four branches in Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore and Peshawar.

2 Cultural Exchanges

(1) Students

○Approx. 200 Pakistani Students study in higher educational institutions such as universities in Japan as of 2014. 60 of them are Japanese Government Scholarship Programme students and 3 of them are Young Leaders’ Programme students as of 2013. (See below for detail.)  

(2) Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho) Scholarship Programme

○Around 10 research students are sent to Japan every year. In 2013, 2 teacher’s training students were also sent to Japan. 

○Most alumni of the scholarship programme belong to an organization, the so-called MAAP. The MAAP members (127 members as of June 2014) have widely contributed to the Pakistani and international society as well as the Japan-Pakistan bilateral relations.

(3) Young Leaders’ Programme

○The Young Leaders’ programme is for young public administrators and government officials who are expected to play active roles in the future as national leaders in their home countries.

○3 officers were sent to Japan in 2013. So far 17 Pakistani officers took part in this programme since 2004.

(4) Youth Invitation Programme

○Under the JENESYS 2.0 programme announced by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, 77 high school and university students were sent to Japan in May and June, 2013, and 75 students were sent to Japan in February, 2014. 7 students were sent to Japan in December,2014.

(5) Japanese Language Programmes for Foreign Service Officers 

○The Government of Japan provides Japanese language programmes, an eight-month intensive training course, for foreign service officers.

○Foreign service officers have been sent to Japan since the 1980s, particularly every year from 2011. So far  about 20 foreign officials joined this programme. 

(6) Invitation Programme to Japan for Journalists

 The Government of Japan invites Pakistani journalists to Japan to deepen the understanding of Japan and to strengthen the bilateral relations.

DEFENSE ACTIVITIES

1 Personnel Exchange Programmes

○More than 10 Generals and Officers from Pakistan on average are sent to Japan every year.

○20 Instructors and Students of Nat’l Def Univ. Pakistan visit to Japan almost every year.

 2 Fleet Visit

○ JMSDF attends “AMAN” Multinational Naval Exercise, held by Pakistan Navy every two years.

○ Japanese Destroyers for Anti-Piracy Operations visited  Karachi in April 2014.

 3 Defense Exhibition

    Japanese local industrial corporations exhibit their products for a Defense Exhibition, held by Pakistan Gov. every two years.

 4 Anti –Piracy Force Operation

  Japan has taken over from Pakistan the command of the Combined Task Force 151 (CTF-151), the anti- piracy force operating off the coast of Somalia and Horn of Africa .

ECONOMIC RELATIONS

1 Trade

○Import from Japan: US$1,398 million(2013/14). Export to Japan: US$ 202 million (2013/14).

○Japan’s major exports to Pakistan are new/used  vehicles , machinery,  and steel. (2014).

○Japan’s major imports from Pakistan are textiles, textile articles and chemical products (2014).

2 Investment

○Net inflow of Foreign Investment from Japan is at US$ 44.1 million, of which Foreign Direct Investment accounts for 41% (US$ 18.1 million) (2013/14). 

○The accumulative figure of net Foreign investment  between 1994/95 and 2013/14 is US$818 million .

○ About 70 Japanese-affiliated companies do business in Pakistan.  

3 PJBF and JBCCC

○PJBF(Pakistan Japan Business Forum) was established in 2001 by Pakistani companies and Japanese companies for the purpose of strengthening the business relationship between Pakistan and Japan. The number of members is 128 as of January, 2015.

○JPBCC (Japan Pakistan Business Cooperation Committee) was established in 1984 by Japanese companies for the same purpose as the PJBF. The number of members is 19 as of January, 2015.

DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

1. Japan is the third largest OECD/DAC donor to Pakistan after USA and  UK (2012, OECD/DAC data).

2. Total amount of assistance since 1954: \1,278 billion (Loan: \976 billion, Grant: \253 billion, Technical Cooperation: \50 billion) (FY2013)

3. Priority Areas

(1) Economic Infrastructure (Energy, Investment Climate, etc,) ;(2) Human Security and Social Infrastructure (Health, Education, Disaster Management, Water); (3) Balanced Regional Development  (Border Region, Security)

4.  Some Flagship Projects

○ 760km of Indus Highway between Peshawar and Karachi has been improved under Japan’s assistance.  In particular, Kohat Tunnel is known as a symbol of friendship. (Soft loans of \80 billion in total) 

○ Japan has been supporting Polio Eradication in Pakistan since 1996 (i.e. Grants of \11 billion in total and a soft loan of \5 billion). The number of polio cases has been reduced from more than 30,000 in 1994  to 303 in 2014.

○ Japan has been supporting PIMS (Pakistan Institute of Medical Services) since 1982 (Children’s Hospital, Mother and Child Health Center and College of Nursing and Paramedical Institute).    (Grants of 11 billion yen in total)

5. JICA Trainees

○5,792 Pakistani trainees have been sent to Japan by JICA since 1954.

○217 trainees were sent to Japan in 2011, 161 trainees in 2012, 214 trainees in 2013.